Dating of the gospel of thomas
Parallels between the two have been taken to suggest that Thomas' logia preceded John's work, and that the latter was making a point-by-point riposte to Thomas, either in real or mock conflict.This seeming dialectic has been pointed out by several New Testament scholars, notably Gregory J.Koester agrees, citing especially the parables contained in sayings 8, 9, 57, 63, 64 and 65.
For Thomas, resurrection seems more a cognitive event of spiritual attainment, one even involving a certain discipline or asceticism.Koester also argues that the absence of narrative materials (such as those found in the canonical gospels) in Thomas makes it unlikely that the gospel is "an eclectic excerpt from the gospels of the New Testament".Another argument for an early date is what some scholars have suggested is an interplay between the Gospel of John and the logia of Thomas.Scholars speculate that the works were buried in response to a letter from Bishop Athanasius declaring a strict canon of Christian scripture.The name of Thomas was also attached to the Book of Thomas the Contender, which was also in Nag Hammadi Codex II, and the Acts of Thomas.
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Bishop Eusebius included it among a group of books that he believed to be not only spurious, but "the fictions of heretics".